Archaeology and History
The Semakh railway station, which was built by the Ottomans, was a terminus station and one of the main stations on a branch of the Hijaz line that ran between Haifa and Daraa. The line between Haifa and Semakh became known as the Valley Train.
The unique buildings of the Semakh station include: a main building where the station master and his personnel lived, a goods platform, a platelayer building, a buffer platform (for passengers), a dual oval-shaped water tower, steam engine garage, turntable, quarantine facilities and customs buildings. During the period of the British Mandate in Palestine a subterranean fuel container and an overland oil tower were added.
For a period of around 66 years, at various times, the railway station site was used by the IDF and the Jordan Valley Regional Council. Most of the historic station buildings and structures were rebuilt and restored through works which began in 2013, carried out by the Council for Conservation of Heritage Sites in Israel, and the Heritage Program of the Prime Ministers Office, in collaboration with the Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee.